1. able, capable
able與不定式to do連用，capable與of連用 He is capable of doing…
2. almost, nearly
二者均為"幾乎,差不多" 和否定詞連用用almost almost nobody
3. late, lately
late遲，晚，lately最近，近來 I haven't seen him lately.
4. living, alive, live, lively
living, alive, live均為活著的，living定表均可，alive定表均可，定語後置，live只能做定語，lively意為活波的 all the living people=all the people alive
5. excited, exciting
excited使人興奮的，exciting令人興奮的 I'm excited. The news is exciting.
6. deep, deeply
deep具體的深，deeply抽象的深，深深地 deeply moved, dig deep
7. aloud, loud
aloud出聲地，loud大聲地 read aloud(出聲地讀)
8. worth, worthy
二者均為值得，worth後接doing，worthy後接to be done, of being done
It is worth visiting. = It's worthy to be visited. = It's worthy of being visited.
9. bad, badly
bad形容詞，badly副詞，不好，但與need, want, require連用為"很，非常" go bad
I need the book badly.
10. before long, long before
before long不久以後，long before很久以前 not long before = before long