aberration anomaly, deviation from standard, irregularity, atypical


abrogate do away with


abstemious sparing, moderate (in eating, drinking)


abstruse (recondite) concealed, deep, difficult to comprehend


accolade award, honor, high praise


accretion accumulation, enlargement, growth


adroitly skillfully


adulate admire excessively/slavishly, flatter


alacrity eagerness, readiness


alias assumed


allocate distribute, designate


allusion indirect reference to something else, hint (in literature)


ameliorate improve


amenable agreeable


arbiter one who arbitrates/decides, judge


ardor fervor, enthusiasm


assuage lessen the intensity of something


audacious bold, fearless


audacity (impertinence) boldness, reckless daring


auspicious (propitious) prosperous, favorable


aver prove truth of, state it is true


badger harass/annoy continuously, bait


baleful hurtful, malignant, sorrowful


beget bringsintosbeing, cause to exist




bereave deprive, leave desolate (through death)


brazenly boldly


brook tolerate


burnish polish


cacophony harsh sounding mixture of sounds


cajole deceptively persuade someone to do something he/she


declines to


candid (candor) free from prejudice/bias/malice, honest, fair


capricious unpredictable, momentarily changeable


chary cautious


circumlocution indirect expression, use of wordy/evasive language


coda distinct passage concluding a composition


cogent powerful


cognizant perceptive, observant


compliant yielding, submissive


composure ease


conciliatory peace making


conjoin join together


conjure summon, bringsintosbeing as if by magic


connoisseur expert (in art, taste)


consensus unanimity, near unanimity, complete accord in opinion


contentious argumentative


conundrum puzzle, riddle


corroborate confirm, back up with evidence


cower shrink


debacle violent, sudden breakdown/overthrow


debauchery intemperance, wild living


decorous in good taste, proper


deleterious (baleful) harmful, menacing


despondent desperate, hopeless


dire disastrous, horrible, ill-omened, extreme


dirge chant/song of sorrow/mourning, rites for the dead


disavow deny




disparage detract


disparaging depreciatory, derogatory, detraction


dispassionate passionless, impartial, neutral


divergent differing, deviating


doggerel loose, unskillful verse


dogma (doctrine) authoritative tenet, established opinion


dubious doubtful, questionable


eclectic drawn from many sources


edict decree, mandate, law, writ, command




effluvium escaping gas, noxious vapors


emaciation waste away, become thin/weak




emollient balm, salve, softening, soothing


enigma problem, puzzle, mystery


enmity (animosity) antagonism, hatred, antipathy


epicure one interested in fine foods


epithet descriptive


equivocal ambiguous, intentionally confusing


erratic (eccentric, fitful) inconsistent, unpredictable,


aimless, spasmodic, unusual, capricious


erudite scholarly, deeply learned


escrow legal agreement handled by 3rd party until conditions




euphemism use of nice words in place of distasteful ones


evanescent vanishing, fading, scarcely perceptible


exigent urgent


exonerate completely free from blame


exorbitant extravagant, immoderate


exploit milk, drain, exhaust


exposition (explication) setting forth meaning, explanation


extol celebrate, glorify [antonym - lambaste]


extricate loosen, release [antonym - intricate]


exuberant extremely joyful, vigorous, profuse in growth




faddish (fad) passing (fashion, craze)




feckless careless




fester blister, inflame, cancer


fickle deceitful, inconstant


fission splittingsintosparts


fissure narrow slit, crack, cleft




flippant shallow, disrespectful


flout disregard because of disrespect


flux substance aiding fusion




forbear refrain from, abstain




frivolous flimsy, trivial, lacking seriousness




fulminate strike, send forth invectives, akin to lightning


fulsome disgusting, morally offensive


fumble handle clumsily, fail to catch




garish (gaudy) flashy, excessively colorful




garrulous (loquacious) extremely talkative, wordy


gavel (mallet) wooden hammer


genial helpful, cheerful, pleasant


genre distinctive category/class (especially in literature)


goad urge forcefully, to prod


gouge chisel with curved blade


gouging force out




hapless unlucky


hold placeswherescargo is kept


hone sharpen


imperturbable calm




implement carry out


improvident (lavish) wasteful, careless


impudent bold, impertinent, discourteous


impugn attack, especially the truth/integrity of something


impute ascribe to, refer to, attribution


inchoate unformed, just beginning




indifference detachment, lack of interest/concern


indignant angry (as result of unfairness)


indulgent lenient, yielding to desire


ineluctable inevitable, unavoidable




infatuation love [antonym - odium]


ingenuous free from deceit/disguise


insolvent unable to pay one's bills


intrinsic inherent


invective insulting/abusive speech


laconic using few words (to the point of rudeness)


lambaste scold, beat [antonym - extol]


laudatory (approbative) applausive, approving


lax slack, careless, negligent, not strict


levee embankment to prevent overflowing of river


lode a vein, ore imbedded in a rock fissure


loquacious (garrulous) extremely talkative/wordy


maverick (rebel) nonconformist


mellifluous sweetly flowing


minatory threatening


misanthrope one who hates people


mitigated softened


mitis soft


munificent (lavish) very generous


neophyte beginner


noisome bad-smelling


obdurate (intractable) stubborn, inflexible


odium hate, disgust [antonym - infatuation]


offense wrongdoing


oscillate (fluctuate) swing back and forth


ossify harden, turn to bone, become rigid


ostentatious conspicuous, showing off


palliate excuse, cause to seem less serious


palpable touchable, obvious


panegyric lofty praise


partisan who supports a particular idea ...


peccadillo slight fault


pedagogue pedantic/dogmatic person, teacher


penchant inclination


penchant strong liking/leaning


petulant ill-tempered, rude, cranky


piquant spicy, pleasantly pungent


placate (propitiate) conciliate, pacify, appease, calm, soothe


placid calm, peaceful


plumb measure the depth of


polemic powerful argument in refutation of something


pragmatic practical


precarious uncertain, dangerous


precipice very steep, overhanging place, hazardous situation


precipitate cause to happen abruptly


presumptuous arrogant


prevarication lie


pristine pure, uncorrupted, unspoiled


probity integrity, honesty


prodigy extraordinary


promulgate (proclaim) declare, put in force/law


propinquity kinship, nearness


propitiate (placate) conciliate, pacify, appease, calm, soothe


proscription restriction/ban/restraint imposed


proselytize convert, recruit converts


pundit expert


pungent sharp/biting to taste/smell


qualify modify, restrict


rampart fortification, defense


ravenous very eager/greedy for food/gratification/satisfaction


reciprocal mutual, shared, interchangeable (but not in math!)


recondite (abstruse) obscure, concealed, deep, difficult to




rectitude righteousness, moral integrity


reprobate depraved, wicked, corrupt, degenerate, vicious


repugnant offensive, distasteful


resolute (intransigent) determined, unyielding


reticent (tacit) quiet, dumb, reserved, silent, reluctant


ribald in decent, coarse


rivet attract and hold attention


sagacious wise (from experience)


salubrious promoting good health


sanction ratify, confirm, authorize, approve


saturnine gloomy/sullen/dismal in temperament


savor relish, enjoy


sedulous zealous, persevering [antonym - careless]


serene tranquil, clear, untroubled, calm


sinuous winding, intricate


spendthrift wasteful, extravagant


spurious bogus, false


squalid filthy, repulsive, wretched, degraded


subjugate enslave, subdue, dominate


substantive solid, substantial


succinct concise, precisely expressed


sullen gloomy, dismal


superficial shallow, unimportant, external, without profundity


superfluous extra, unnecessary


surreptitious secret, sneaky


tacit implicit, understood


taunt insult, ridicule


temerity (audacity) recklessness, foolish boldness


tiff argument


timbre quality of sound independent of pitch/loudness


tout give a tip


transitory temporary


trepidation fear, nervousness


truculent savage, fierce


turbid muddy, foul with sediments


turpitude (depravity) shameful wickedness


untoward (awkward) unfavorable, unruly


usurer money lender charging high interest


vacuous stupid


veracity truthfulness


vex annoy, pester, confuse


vindicate clear from blame/suspicion


viscid sticky, viscous


viscous thick and sticky


visionary dreamer (with impractical goals/ideas about future)


vituperation (malediction) abusive language


welter (turmoil) confused mass


xenophobe one who hates strangers



Compiled by Monika Bender




Southwest Texas State University WWW.SWT.EDU 


英文補習,TOEIC多益 , TOEFL 托福, IELTS 雅思, 全民英檢

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