GRE VOCABULARY

 

aberration anomaly, deviation from standard, irregularity, atypical

 

abrogate do away with

 

abstemious sparing, moderate (in eating, drinking)

 

abstruse (recondite) concealed, deep, difficult to comprehend

 

accolade award, honor, high praise

 

accretion accumulation, enlargement, growth

 

adroitly skillfully

 

adulate admire excessively/slavishly, flatter

 

alacrity eagerness, readiness

 

alias assumed

 

allocate distribute, designate

 

allusion indirect reference to something else, hint (in literature)

 

ameliorate improve

 

amenable agreeable

 

arbiter one who arbitrates/decides, judge

 

ardor fervor, enthusiasm

 

assuage lessen the intensity of something

 

audacious bold, fearless

 

audacity (impertinence) boldness, reckless daring

 

auspicious (propitious) prosperous, favorable

 

aver prove truth of, state it is true

 

badger harass/annoy continuously, bait

 

baleful hurtful, malignant, sorrowful

 

beget bringsintosbeing, cause to exist

 

 

 

bereave deprive, leave desolate (through death)

 

brazenly boldly

 

brook tolerate

 

burnish polish

 

cacophony harsh sounding mixture of sounds

 

cajole deceptively persuade someone to do something he/she

 

declines to

 

candid (candor) free from prejudice/bias/malice, honest, fair

 

capricious unpredictable, momentarily changeable

 

chary cautious

 

circumlocution indirect expression, use of wordy/evasive language

 

coda distinct passage concluding a composition

 

cogent powerful

 

cognizant perceptive, observant

 

compliant yielding, submissive

 

composure ease

 

conciliatory peace making

 

conjoin join together

 

conjure summon, bringsintosbeing as if by magic

 

connoisseur expert (in art, taste)

 

consensus unanimity, near unanimity, complete accord in opinion

 

contentious argumentative

 

conundrum puzzle, riddle

 

corroborate confirm, back up with evidence

 

cower shrink

 

debacle violent, sudden breakdown/overthrow

 

debauchery intemperance, wild living

 

decorous in good taste, proper

 

deleterious (baleful) harmful, menacing

 

despondent desperate, hopeless

 

dire disastrous, horrible, ill-omened, extreme

 

dirge chant/song of sorrow/mourning, rites for the dead

 

disavow deny

 

 

 

disparage detract

 

disparaging depreciatory, derogatory, detraction

 

dispassionate passionless, impartial, neutral

 

divergent differing, deviating

 

doggerel loose, unskillful verse

 

dogma (doctrine) authoritative tenet, established opinion

 

dubious doubtful, questionable

 

eclectic drawn from many sources

 

edict decree, mandate, law, writ, command

 

 

 

effluvium escaping gas, noxious vapors

 

emaciation waste away, become thin/weak

 

 

 

emollient balm, salve, softening, soothing

 

enigma problem, puzzle, mystery

 

enmity (animosity) antagonism, hatred, antipathy

 

epicure one interested in fine foods

 

epithet descriptive

 

equivocal ambiguous, intentionally confusing

 

erratic (eccentric, fitful) inconsistent, unpredictable,

 

aimless, spasmodic, unusual, capricious

 

erudite scholarly, deeply learned

 

escrow legal agreement handled by 3rd party until conditions

 

fulfilled

 

euphemism use of nice words in place of distasteful ones

 

evanescent vanishing, fading, scarcely perceptible

 

exigent urgent

 

exonerate completely free from blame

 

exorbitant extravagant, immoderate

 

exploit milk, drain, exhaust

 

exposition (explication) setting forth meaning, explanation

 

extol celebrate, glorify [antonym - lambaste]

 

extricate loosen, release [antonym - intricate]

 

exuberant extremely joyful, vigorous, profuse in growth

 

 

 

faddish (fad) passing (fashion, craze)

 

 

 

feckless careless

 

 

 

fester blister, inflame, cancer

 

fickle deceitful, inconstant

 

fission splittingsintosparts

 

fissure narrow slit, crack, cleft

 

 

 

flippant shallow, disrespectful

 

flout disregard because of disrespect

 

flux substance aiding fusion

 

 

 

forbear refrain from, abstain

 

 

 

frivolous flimsy, trivial, lacking seriousness

 

 

 

fulminate strike, send forth invectives, akin to lightning

 

fulsome disgusting, morally offensive

 

fumble handle clumsily, fail to catch

 

 

 

garish (gaudy) flashy, excessively colorful

 

 

 

garrulous (loquacious) extremely talkative, wordy

 

gavel (mallet) wooden hammer

 

genial helpful, cheerful, pleasant

 

genre distinctive category/class (especially in literature)

 

goad urge forcefully, to prod

 

gouge chisel with curved blade

 

gouging force out

 

 

 

hapless unlucky

 

hold placeswherescargo is kept

 

hone sharpen

 

imperturbable calm

 

 

 

implement carry out

 

improvident (lavish) wasteful, careless

 

impudent bold, impertinent, discourteous

 

impugn attack, especially the truth/integrity of something

 

impute ascribe to, refer to, attribution

 

inchoate unformed, just beginning

 

 

 

indifference detachment, lack of interest/concern

 

indignant angry (as result of unfairness)

 

indulgent lenient, yielding to desire

 

ineluctable inevitable, unavoidable

 

 

 

infatuation love [antonym - odium]

 

ingenuous free from deceit/disguise

 

insolvent unable to pay one's bills

 

intrinsic inherent

 

invective insulting/abusive speech

 

laconic using few words (to the point of rudeness)

 

lambaste scold, beat [antonym - extol]

 

laudatory (approbative) applausive, approving

 

lax slack, careless, negligent, not strict

 

levee embankment to prevent overflowing of river

 

lode a vein, ore imbedded in a rock fissure

 

loquacious (garrulous) extremely talkative/wordy

 

maverick (rebel) nonconformist

 

mellifluous sweetly flowing

 

minatory threatening

 

misanthrope one who hates people

 

mitigated softened

 

mitis soft

 

munificent (lavish) very generous

 

neophyte beginner

 

noisome bad-smelling

 

obdurate (intractable) stubborn, inflexible

 

odium hate, disgust [antonym - infatuation]

 

offense wrongdoing

 

oscillate (fluctuate) swing back and forth

 

ossify harden, turn to bone, become rigid

 

ostentatious conspicuous, showing off

 

palliate excuse, cause to seem less serious

 

palpable touchable, obvious

 

panegyric lofty praise

 

partisan who supports a particular idea ...

 

peccadillo slight fault

 

pedagogue pedantic/dogmatic person, teacher

 

penchant inclination

 

penchant strong liking/leaning

 

petulant ill-tempered, rude, cranky

 

piquant spicy, pleasantly pungent

 

placate (propitiate) conciliate, pacify, appease, calm, soothe

 

placid calm, peaceful

 

plumb measure the depth of

 

polemic powerful argument in refutation of something

 

pragmatic practical

 

precarious uncertain, dangerous

 

precipice very steep, overhanging place, hazardous situation

 

precipitate cause to happen abruptly

 

presumptuous arrogant

 

prevarication lie

 

pristine pure, uncorrupted, unspoiled

 

probity integrity, honesty

 

prodigy extraordinary

 

promulgate (proclaim) declare, put in force/law

 

propinquity kinship, nearness

 

propitiate (placate) conciliate, pacify, appease, calm, soothe

 

proscription restriction/ban/restraint imposed

 

proselytize convert, recruit converts

 

pundit expert

 

pungent sharp/biting to taste/smell

 

qualify modify, restrict

 

rampart fortification, defense

 

ravenous very eager/greedy for food/gratification/satisfaction

 

reciprocal mutual, shared, interchangeable (but not in math!)

 

recondite (abstruse) obscure, concealed, deep, difficult to

 

comprehend

 

rectitude righteousness, moral integrity

 

reprobate depraved, wicked, corrupt, degenerate, vicious

 

repugnant offensive, distasteful

 

resolute (intransigent) determined, unyielding

 

reticent (tacit) quiet, dumb, reserved, silent, reluctant

 

ribald in decent, coarse

 

rivet attract and hold attention

 

sagacious wise (from experience)

 

salubrious promoting good health

 

sanction ratify, confirm, authorize, approve

 

saturnine gloomy/sullen/dismal in temperament

 

savor relish, enjoy

 

sedulous zealous, persevering [antonym - careless]

 

serene tranquil, clear, untroubled, calm

 

sinuous winding, intricate

 

spendthrift wasteful, extravagant

 

spurious bogus, false

 

squalid filthy, repulsive, wretched, degraded

 

subjugate enslave, subdue, dominate

 

substantive solid, substantial

 

succinct concise, precisely expressed

 

sullen gloomy, dismal

 

superficial shallow, unimportant, external, without profundity

 

superfluous extra, unnecessary

 

surreptitious secret, sneaky

 

tacit implicit, understood

 

taunt insult, ridicule

 

temerity (audacity) recklessness, foolish boldness

 

tiff argument

 

timbre quality of sound independent of pitch/loudness

 

tout give a tip

 

transitory temporary

 

trepidation fear, nervousness

 

truculent savage, fierce

 

turbid muddy, foul with sediments

 

turpitude (depravity) shameful wickedness

 

untoward (awkward) unfavorable, unruly

 

usurer money lender charging high interest

 

vacuous stupid

 

veracity truthfulness

 

vex annoy, pester, confuse

 

vindicate clear from blame/suspicion

 

viscid sticky, viscous

 

viscous thick and sticky

 

visionary dreamer (with impractical goals/ideas about future)

 

vituperation (malediction) abusive language

 

welter (turmoil) confused mass

 

xenophobe one who hates strangers

 


 

Compiled by Monika Bender

 

STUDENT LEARNING ASSISTANCE CENTER (SLAC)

 

Southwest Texas State University WWW.SWT.EDU 

 


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