AA Dutch treatment; go Dutch

  愛滋病(獲得性免疫缺損綜合征) AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

  愛麗舍宮 Elysée Palace

  安居工程 Housing Project for low-income families

  按成本要素計算的國民經濟總值 GNP at factor cost

  按揭貸款 mortgage loan

  按勞分配 distribution according to one's performance

  暗戀 unrequited love; fall in love with someone secretly

  暗虧 hidden loss

  澳門大三巴牌坊 Ruins of St. Paul

  歐姆真理教 Japanese Aum Doomsday Cult




  巴黎證券交易所 Paris Bourse

  把握大局 grasp the overall situation

  白馬王子 Prince Charming

  白色行情表 white sheet

  白色農業 white agriculture (also called "white engineering agriculture"; It refers to microbiological agriculture and biological cell agriculture.)

  白手起家 starting from scratch

  白條 IOU note, IOU:債款、債務,由I owe you 的讀音縮略轉義而來白雪公主 Snow White

  擺架子 put on airs

  擺譜兒 put on airs; show off; keep up appearances

  拜把兄弟 sworn brothers

  拜年 pay New Year call

  搬遷戶 relocated families

  半拉子工程 uncompleted project

  棒球運動記者 scribe

  傍大款 (of a girl) find a sugar daddy; be a mistress for a rich man; lean on a moneybags

  包乾到戶 work contracted to households

  包乾制 overall rationing system; scheme of payment partly in kind and partly in cash

  包工包料 contract for labor and materials

  保持國民經濟發展的良好勢頭 maintain a good momentum of growth in the national economy

  保持國有股 keep the State-held shares

  保健食品 health-care food

  保理業務 factoring business

  保護性關稅 protective tariffs

  保稅區 the low-tax, tariff-free zone; bonded area

  保證重點支出 ensure funding for priority areas

  保值儲蓄 inflation-proof bank savings

  報國計畫的實施 implementation of Dedicator's Project

  北歐投資銀行 Nordic Investment Bank

  本本主義 bookishness

  《本草綱目》 Compendium of Materia Medica

  本壘打 circuit clout, four-master, round trip

  本命年 one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

  奔小康 strive for a relatively comfortable life

  笨鳥先飛 A slow sparrow should make an early start.

  蹦極 bungee, bungee jumping

  避免“大而全”的重複建設 avoid duplicate (duplicated, overlapping) construction of "small and all inclusive projects"

  逼上梁山 be driven to drastic alternatives

  比較經濟學 comparative economics

  比上不足,比下有餘 worse off than some, better off than many; to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst

  閉門羹 given cold-shoulder

  邊際報酬 marginal return

  邊緣科學 boundary science

  變相漲價 disguised inflation

  可擕式電腦 portable computer; laptop; notebook computer

  標書 bidding documents

  表演賽 demonstration match

  剝奪冠軍 strip the gold medal of somebody

  博彩(業)lottery industry

  博士生 Ph.D candidate

  補缺選舉 by-election

  補貼與反補貼措施 subsidies and countervailing measures

  布達拉宮 Potala Palace

  佈雷頓森林體系 Bretton Woods system

  不敗記錄 clean record, spotless record

  不承諾放棄使用武器 not undertake to renounce the use of force

  不打不成交 No discord, no concord.

  不到長城非好漢 He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

  不分上下的總統選舉結果the neck-and-neck presidential election result

  《不見不散》 Be there or be square.

  不可再生資源 non-renewable resources

  不良貸款 non-performing loan

  不夜城 sleepless city, ever-bright city

  不正之風 bad (harmful) practice; unhealthy tendency

  不准打白條 No illegitimate promissory notes (IOUs)

  步行天橋 foot bridge




  擦邊球 edge ball, touch ball

  擦網球 net ball

  採取高姿態 show magnanimity

  採取市場多元化戰略 adopt the strategy of a multi-outlet market

  “菜籃子”工程 the "shopping basket' project (program)

  參政、議政 participate in the management of State affairs

  滄海桑田 Seas change into mulberry fields and mulberry fields change into seas--time brings great changes to the world.

  What was once the sea has now changed into mulberry fields--the world is changing all the time.

  倉儲式超市 stockroom-style supermarket

  草根工業 grass root industry (refers to village and township enterprises which take root among farmers and grow like wold grass)

  層層轉包和違法分保 multi-level contracting and illegal sub-contracting

  差額投票 differential voting

  差額選舉 competitive election

  茶道 sado

  查房 make/go the rounds of the wards

  拆東牆補西牆 rob Peter to pay Paul

  拆遷戶 households or units relocated due to building demolition

  攙水股票 water-down stocks (ordinary stocks that can be bought by persons inside a stock company or a business at a cost lower that their face value)

  禪 dhyana

  產糧大省 granary province

  產量比1997年增加了2 the output has increased 3 times (registered a 3-fold increase; increased 200%)compared with 1997

  產品結構 product mix

  產權明晰、權責明確、政企分開、科學管理 clearly established ownership, well defined power and responsibility, separation of enterprise from administration, and scientific management

  產權制度、產權關係 property relations; property order

  產銷直接掛鈎 directly link production with marketing

  產業的升級換代 upgrading of industies

  產業結構升級 upgrading of an industrial structure

  長二捆 LM-2E

  長江三角洲 Yangtze River delta

  長期共存、互相監督、肝膽相照、榮辱與共 long-term coexistence, mutual supervision, sincere treatment with each other and the sharing of weal or woe

  長線產品 product in excessive supply

  廠長經理負責制 the factory director (manager) responsibility system

  暢通工程 "Smooth Traffic Project"

  暢銷產品 marketable products; products with good market ;commodities in short supply ; goods in great demand.

  唱高調 mouth high-sounding words

  超高速巨型電腦 giant ultra-high-speed computer

  超前消費 overconsuming, excessive consumption

  徹頭徹尾的反動政治勢力an out and out reactionary political force

  城市規劃 city's landscaping plan; urban planning

  城市中年雅皮士 muppie (一批中年專業人士,附庸風雅,矯揉造作cutesification,崇尚竟品至上boutiqueification,攀比銀行存款bankification等擺闊作風,由middle-aged urban yuppie縮合而成)

  城鄉信用社 credit corroborative in both urban and rural areas

  吃大鍋飯 egalitarian practice of "everybody eating from the same big pot"

  吃皇糧 receive salaries, subsidies, or other supported from the government

  重複建設 building redundant project; duplication of similar projects

  抽殺成功 hit through

  籌備委員會 preparatory committee

  出風頭 show off;in the limelight

  出口創匯能力 capacity to earn foreign exchange through exports

  出口加工區 export processing zones

  出口退稅制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods; export (tax) rebate

  出口退稅 refunding export taxes

  出口轉內銷 domestic sales of commodities orginally produced for exports

  出家 pravrajana; cloister

  傳銷 multi level marketing

  窗口行業 various service trades

  創建衛生城市:build a nationally advanced clean city

  創匯產品 foreign exchange (hard-currency) earning experts

  創業園 high-tech business incubator; pioneer park

  吹風會 (advanced) briefing

  春蕾計畫 Spring Buds Program

  春運 (passenger) transport during the Spring Festival

  《春秋》 Spring and Autumn Annals

  磁懸浮列車 Maglev train (magnetically levitated train), magnetic suspension train

  刺激內需 stimulate domestic demand

  辭舊迎新 bid farewell to the old and usher in the new; ring out the old year and ring in the new

  此地無銀三百兩 A guilty person gives himself away by consciously protesting his innocence.

  從粗放經濟轉變為集約經濟 shift from extensive economy to intensive economy

  粗放式管理 extensive management

  促進全球經濟一體化 foster integration with the global economy

  促進富餘人員合理流動 promote a rational flow of surplus personnel

  促進住房商品化 promote the commercialization of housing 存款保證金 guaranty money for deposits




  達到或接近國際先進水準 reach or approach advanced international standards

  打破地區封鎖和行業壟斷 break regional blockades and trade monopolies

  "達標"活動 "target hitting" activities

  打白條 issue IOU

  打黑 crack down on speculation and profiteering

  打假 crack down on counterfeit goods

  打破僵局 break the deadlock

  打順手 find one's touch, get into gear, settle into a groove

  大包乾 all-round responsibility system; lump-sum appropriations operation

  大轟動 blockbuster

  大力扣殺 hammer

  大路貨 staple goods

  大滿貫 grand slam

  大開眼界 open one's eyes; broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener

  大款 tycoon

  大排擋 sidewalk snack booth; large stall

  大事化小,小事化了 try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to nothing at all

  大勝 white wash

  大腕 top notch

  大衛教 Branch Davidian

  大型電視系列片,長篇電視連續劇 maxi-series

  大學生創業 university students' innovative undertaking

  大要案 major and serious criminal cases

  大專生 junior college student

  大專文憑 associate degree

  大藏經 Tripitaka

  呆帳與壞帳 stagnant debts and bad debts ;non performing funds

  帶薪分流 assign redundant civil servants to other jobs while allowing them to retain their original rank and benefits

  待崗 await job assignment, post-waiting

  待業 job-waiting

  代職 function in an acting capacity

  單迴圈制 single round-robin system

  當日指數已1120點收盤 the index closed finished ended at 120 on that day

  黨群關係 Party-masses relationship

  黨政機關 Party and government organizations

  道鐘斯工業平均指數飆升至9580 the Dow Jones industrial index average soared to 9580 points

  搗漿糊 give the runaround

  盜版VCD pirated VCD

  盜打(電話) free call on somebody else's expense through illegal means

  盜用公款 embezzlement

  單刀赴會 start a solo run

  倒票 speculative reselling of tickets

  倒爺 profiteer

  倒計時 countdown

  等外品 off-grade goods, rejects

  鄧小平外交思想 Deng Xiaoping's diplomatic thoughts

  低調 low keyed (a metaphor for taking a cautious and slow approach)

  第三產業 third/tertiary industry, service sector, third sequence of enterprises

  第四產業 quaternary/information industry

  第一/第二/第三產業 the primary/secondary/tertiary industry (the service sector)

  第三代移動電話(3G手機) third generation mobile; 3G mobile

  第一發球權 first inning

  第一發球員 first server

  第一雙打 first pair

  地方保護主義 regional protectionism

  地方財政包乾制 system whereby local authorities take full responsibility for their finances

  地球村 global village

  地區差異 regional disparity

  地熱資源 geothermal resources

  地市級城市 prefecture-level city

  點子公司 consultancy company

  電話號碼升位 upgrade telephone number

  電話會議 teleconference

  電視直銷 TV home shopping

  電子商務認證 e-business certification

  吊球 drop shot

  吊銷執照 revoke license

  釘子戶 person or household who refuses to move and bargains for unreasonably high compensation when the land is requisitioned for a construction project

  定向培訓 training for specific posts

  “豆腐渣”工程 a jerry-built project

  毒梟 drug trafficker

  毒品走私 drug trafficking

  (state-owned, state) enterprises

  獨立核算工業企業 independent accounting unit(enterprise)

  "渡假外交" holiday-making diplomacy

  短期債務 floating debt

  斷交信 Dear John letter (from woman to man)

  對大中型國營企業進行公司制改革 to corporatize large and medium-sized State-owned

  對...毫無顧忌 make no bones about ...

  對沖基金 hedge fund

  對外招商 attract foreign investment

  隊長袖標(足球) skipper's armband

  多黨合作制 multi-party co-operation in exercising State power

  多工小衛星 small multi-mission satellite (SMMS)

  奪冠 take the crown




  厄爾尼諾 El Nino

  惡性腫瘤 malignant tumor

  惡性循環 vicious circle

  遏制通貨膨脹 curb (check, curtail) the inflation




  法輪功 Falun Gong Cult

  發行股票、債券 issue shares and bonds

  發揚優良傳統 carry forward the fine traditions

  發優惠券以促銷 issue discount shopping coupons to promote sales

  發展文學藝術、新聞出版、廣播影視 develop literature, the arts, the press, publications, radio, film and television; promote literature and art, the press and publishing, radio, film and television

  發展新興產業和高技術產業 develop rising and high-tech industries

  發展畜牧業、養殖業、林業 develop animal husbandry (livestock farming), aquaculture and forestry

  反對鋪張浪費 oppose/combat extravagance and waste

  反傾銷 anti-dumping

  防暴員警 riot police

  防止經濟過熱 prevent an overheated economy (overheating of the economy)

  防止國有資產流失 prevent the loss (devaluation) of State assets

  防止泡沫經濟 avoid a bubble economy too many bubbles in economy)

  分流下崗人員爭取再就業 redirect laid-off workers for reemployment

  扶貧、脫貧 poverty reduction and elimination

  婦幼保健 maternity and child care




  改革開放和現代化建設的總設計師 the chief architect of China's reform, opening and modernization drive

  改進產業結構和產品結構 improve the industrial pattern and product mix

  該公司股票已經上市 the stock of the company have been listed (have gone public, have been launched)

  趕上或超過國際先進水準 catch up with or even surpass advanced world levels

  高舉鄧小平理論的偉大旗幟 hold high the greater banner of Deng xiaoping Theory

  各族人民 people of all nationalities (all ethnic groups)

  個體戶 self-employed households /people

  個人所得稅 individual income tax

  個體工商業者 individual industrialists and businessman

  公務員 public servants; civil servants; government functionaries; government employees

  股份合作制 the joint stock cooperative system

  股份制 the joint stock system

  股票熱降溫了 the stock craze has abated

  股市指數 the stock market (exchange) index

  股市指數突破1300點大關 the stock index broke the 1300-poit mark

  股指暴跌,跌幅7.8%,以14.3元探底 the index slumped 7.8 percent to 14.3 Yuan

  鼓勵兼併,規範破產 encourage mergers and standardize bankruptcy procedures

  規模經濟,減輕就業壓力 to ease the pressure of employment (the employment pressure)

  國防科技 defence-related science and technology

  國際大都市 cosmopolis

  國家指定考試 government-mandated test

  國家主席/總理/副總理/國務委員/部長/省長/廳、局長/縣長/處長/科長/鄉長/村民委員會主任 president/premier/vice premier/state councilor/minister/governor/bureau director/county magistrate, county head/department head/ section chief/ head of the township/ chairman of the village committee

  國家公務員制度 the system of public services

  國內生產總值/國民生產總值 GDP (Gross Domestic Product)/ GNP (Gross National Product)

  國事訪問 a state visit

  恒生指數(香港)寬幅震盪 the Heng Sheng index fluctuated violently

  獲薄利 earn (make) narrow profits

  獲厚利 earn (make, reap) substantial profits

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